Entrepreneurs need to be prepared in pitching their startup companies to a venture capitalist by anticipating the questions they will receive. The failure to have thoughtful and reasonable answers to VC questions will decrease the likelihood of the company getting funded. The following is a list of key questions the entrepreneur should answer in the pitch or anticipate getting asked:
At the beginning of an investor pitch, the venture capitalists will want a clear and concise overview of what the company does, why it should be interesting, and why it would eventually lead to a large exit. So, expect that you will need to cover the following:
- What does the company do?
- What is unique about the company?
- What big problem does it solve?
- How big is the market opportunity?
- Where are you headquartered?
- How big can the company get?
You will need to paint a clear picture that the market opportunity is meaningfully large and growing, so you will receive questions like:
- What is the actual addressable market?
- What percentage of the market do you plan to get over what period of time?
- How did you arrive at the sales of your industry and its growth rate?
- Why does your company have high growth potential?
Founders & Team
For many investors, the management team is the most important element in deciding whether or not to invest. Entrepreneurs must show they are passionate, dedicated, and have relevant domain experience. So anticipate these questions:
- Who are the founders and key team members?
- What relevant domain experience does the team have?
- What key additions to the team are needed in the short term?
- Why is the team uniquely capable to execute the company’s business plan?
- How many employees do you have?
- What motivates the founders?
- How do you plan to scale the team in the next 12 months?
Products and Services
The entrepreneur must clearly articulate what the company’s product or service consists of and why it is unique, so expect to get the following questions:
- Why do users care about your product or service?
- What are the major product milestones?
- What are the key differentiated features of your product or service?
- What have you learned from early versions of the product or service?
- Provide a demonstration of the product or service.
- What are the two or three key features you plan to add?
The company’s competitors will always be an issue and any entrepreneur who responds that “we do not have competitors” will have credibility problems. So make sure to anticipate the following questions:
- Who are the company’s competitors?
- What gives your company a competitive advantage?
- What advantages does your competition have over you?
- Compared to your competition, how do you compete with respect to price, features, and performance?
- What are the barriers to entry?
Marketing and Customer Acquisition
The investors want to get a sense of how the company plans to market itself, the cost of acquiring a customer, and the long-term value of a customer. So, be prepared for the following:
- How does the company market or plan to market its products or services?
- What is the company’s PR strategy?
- What is the company’s social media strategy?
- What is the cost of a customer acquisition?
- What is the projected lifetime value of a customer?
- What advertising will you be doing?
- What is the typical sales cycle between initial customer contact and closing of a sale?
A company that has gotten early traction in some way will be viewed positively, so be prepared to answer these questions:
- What early traction has the company gotten (sales, traffic to the company’s website, app downloads, etc., as relevant).
- How can the early traction be accelerated?
- What has been the principal reasons for the early traction?
There inevitably are risks in any business plan, so plan to answer these questions thoughtfully: